Family therapy offers strategies and activities derived from cognitive, interpersonal, behavior, and other forms of therapy. Unlike other forms of treatment, the strategies utilized depend on the particular issues of the patient or patients.
Family Therapy For Children’s Issues
Emotional or behavioral issues in children are typical reasons to consult a counselor or expert. Children’s issues don’t exist and do not affect anything or anyone. They exist, and they require attention and support from the household. It should be remembered that with family therapy, ‘family’ doesn’t always mean blood relations. Family can be anyone who supports, cares, and loves another even if they are not related members or living in the same home.
What Are The Different Benefits Of Family Therapy?
Here are some commonly used forms of such treatment:
- Structural. This type of treatment involves making adjustments and building strength within the household and ensuring that parents are managing the children and adults appropriately, including setting proper boundaries. Here, the brood welcomes the specialist in their home to observe and know more about its members to improve their capacity to strengthen each other.
- Systemic. This model involves the emphasis on unconscious communications and the purpose and meanings of each member’s behavior. The specialist in this type of treatment is impartial and detached, enabling all clan members to delve deeper into the problems and challenges that they are confronted with.
- Bowenian. This treatment is most suitable for circumstances where clan members are hesitant to include the rest of the members during treatment. The Bowenian treatment was developed from two main principles – triangulation, or the tendency to release one’s stress and anxiety by venting to another individual, and differentiation, or the process of learning to be less mentally and emotionally responsive to blood relationships.
- Strategic. This treatment is also more direct than the other types. The expert delegates assignments to each member for the purpose of changing the way the brood interacts. He then evaluates the way the relatives communicate and discusses their decisions. He also takes the position of authority in this form of treatment, which enables other members that do not typically hold the authority to communicate more efficiently.
For the expert to effectively treat various household issues, he must:
- Make proper observations of how individuals interact.
- Assess and find solutions for relationship issues.
- Make a diagnosis and treatment for mental illnesses within the household.
- Help people in their journey towards transition, such as in death or divorce.
- Efficiently help substitute an abnormal behavior into a healthy one.
For the therapist to possess such beneficial skills, they must get a bachelor’s degree in psychology, counseling, social work, or sociology and then a master’s degree in marriage and family therapy.
Then the expert will also be required to finish two years of work under supervision after he graduates. This would be a total of 2,000 to 4,000 hours of practice in the clinical setting. When these are met, the specialist will most likely also need to submit and pass an exam specific to his state and complete yearly continuing education subjects.
Goals of the Treatment
In essence, the primary objective of this treatment is to work with the household to help it heal from mental, psychological, or emotional difficulties that are destroying the entire brood. To do this, the specialist must help clans improve the way they treat and talk to each other, how they solve their problems, and understand and deal with various situations that they may be confronted with every day.
The goals of family therapy that every member of a household can take advantage of depending on the problems presented by the clients. For instance, they may differ depending on the following situations:
- A related member is diagnosed with schizophrenia or psychosis. The goal here is to guide other members of the brood so that they will learn to understand the nature of the disorder and be able to adapt to the psychological changes that the schizophrenic-related member is going through.
- A Household that contradicts social norms, such as gay and lesbian relationships, unmarried couples living together, etc.) The objective here is not often to give attention to particular internal issues. Still, the members might require help in dealing with external factors, such as the attitude of society.
- Issues originating from cross-generational restrictions, like when parents live with grandparents, or children raised by their grandparents. The objective is to enhance communication and help each member create healthy boundaries.
- Families who come from diverse cultural, religious, or racial backgrounds. The goal here is to aid relatives in understanding each other better and learn to build healthy relationships.
- The client’s problems are seemingly connected to problems with other members of the brood. In circumstances where the problems are profoundly connected to problems with other members, the objective is to tackle each contributing concern and then resolve or reduce the effects of these problems to the entire brood.
- Blended families or stepfamilies. These types of households can be affected negatively by issues that are specific to their situation. For the blended household, the objective of this treatment is to improve comprehension and build good interactions between one another.